Question: A Nurse Is Providing Education To A Patient Who Is Taking Inh?

What will the nurse teach a patient who is taking isoniazid INH?

When teaching a patient about isoniazid (INH) and rifampin drug therapy, which statement will the nurse include? The nurse should instruct the patient to avoid exposure to direct sunlight because isoniazid can cause photosensitivity. Isoniazid should be taken 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals.

Which of the following should be prescribed to patients to prevent the development of peripheral neuropathy in patients taking isoniazid for tuberculosis?

Taking supplemental pyridoxine concurrently with isoniazid can prevent pyridoxine deficiency and therefore prevent isoniazid-induced neuropathy. The US CDC recommends that 10-50 mg of pyridoxine be given daily to anyone who is taking isoniazid and who develops symptoms of peripheral neuropathy.

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Which instruction would the nurse include for a patient prescribed rifampin and isoniazid prophylactically secondary to TB exposure?

What instruction should the nurse include for a client prescribed rifampin (Rifadin) and isoniazid (Nydrazid) prophylactically secondary to TB exposure? A. Advise that these drugs will only need to be taken for 7 to 10 days.

Which vitamin deficiency should be monitored while a patient is taking isoniazid?

However, slow acetylation may lead to higher blood levels of the drug and, thus, to an increase in toxic reactions. Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) deficiency is sometimes observed in adults with high doses of isoniazid and is considered probably due to its competition with pyridoxal phosphate for the enzyme apotryptophanase.

Which is a serious side effect of isoniazid?

Symptoms may include: skin rash, fever, swollen glands, flu-like symptoms, muscle aches, severe weakness, unusual bruising, or yellowing of your skin or eyes. This reaction may occur several weeks after you began using isoniazid.

What does isoniazid do to the body?

Isoniazid is used with other medications to treat active tuberculosis (TB) infections. It is also used alone to prevent active TB infections in people who may be infected with the bacteria (people with positive TB skin test). Isoniazid is an antibiotic and works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

How can clinicians determine whether a patient is responding to treatment?

Monitoring response to treatment is done through regular history taking, physical examination, chest radiograph and laboratory monitoring. The classic symptoms of TB – cough, sputum production, fever and weight loss – generally improve within the first few weeks.

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What vitamin should you take with INH?

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) supplementation during isoniazid (INH) therapy is necessary in some patients to prevent the development of peripheral neuropathy.

What is the most common side effect of rifampin?

Upset stomach, heartburn, nausea, menstrual changes, or headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, inform your doctor promptly. This medication may cause urine, sweat, saliva, or tears to change color (yellow, orange, red, or brown).

Does rifampin cause liver damage?

Hepatotoxicity. Liver injury from rifampin is uncommon, but well documented. Long term therapy with rifampin is associated with minor, transient elevations in serum aminotransferase levels in 10% to 20% of patients, abnormalities that usually do not require dose adjustment or discontinuation.

What is the most serious complication of rifampin?

acute allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) swelling.

What is the best vitamins for tuberculosis?

Vitamins such as biotin and thiamin are essential for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and are required for establishment of infection. On the other hand, vitamins such as Vitamin C and Vitamin D have been shown to possess antimycobacterial properties.

What are the symptoms of low vitamin B6?

Here are 9 signs and symptoms of vitamin B6 deficiency.

  • Skin Rashes. Share on Pinterest.
  • Cracked and Sore Lips.
  • Sore, Glossy Tongue.
  • Mood Changes.
  • Weakened Immune Function.
  • Tiredness and Low Energy.
  • Tingling and Pain in Hands and Feet.
  • Seizures.

Can isoniazid cause hepatitis?

Isoniazid (INH; isonicotinylhydrazide or isonicotinic acid hydrazine) is a synthetic antibiotic that is potently bactericidal against replicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis. INH has since been associated with two syndromes of hepatotoxicity: mild INH hepatotoxicity and INH hepatitis [1-3].

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